Blog

The EdgarStat Blog explores issues in transfer pricing and application of the transactional net margin method (TNMM or CPM in the US) and other enterprise profit-based methods.

Medtronic Litigation: Unspecified Methods vs. Traditional Methods
September 02, 2022 by Harold McClure

This discussion presents a simplified illustration of the issues with respect to the unspecified method applied in Medtronic III in contrast to the IRS' extreme CPM approach and a traditional RPSM approach based on sound financial economics.

Topics: Residual Profit Split Method Medtronic Unspecified Method US Internal Revenue Service Section 482 Tax Policy tax controversy Intangibles TNMM/CPM US Transfer Pricing

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Tutorial: Power Functions in Transfer Pricing
February 18, 2022 by Ednaldo Silva

Regression analysis yields more reliable profit indicators than the linear equation without intercept specified in US and OECD transfer pricing guidelines.

Topics: Profit Indicators Transfer Pricing tax controversy

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RPM vs. TNMM: Benchmarking a LATAM Pharmaceutical Distributor
October 20, 2021 by Harold McClure

To determine whether the usual financial ratios provide insights into what would represent an arm's length range, any analysis of controlled healthcare distributors must account for the underlying facts surrounding the functions and expenses occurred by the distribution affiliate.

Topics: Pharmaceutical Industry Benchmarking Resale Price Method tax controversy TNMM/CPM

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Brazil's Alignment with OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines: The Marcopolo Case
June 23, 2021 by Harold McClure

Brazil’s unique transfer pricing rules have allowed multinationals to shift income to tax havens in certain situations. We explore through the lens of the Macopolo case how Brazil could benefit from adoption of the arm's length standard.

Topics: Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Brazil OECD Guidelines Tax Policy tax controversy TNMM/CPM

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Cameco v. The Queen: Prologue and Round II Preview
May 03, 2021 by Harold McClure

In February 2021, the Supreme Court of Canada declined to hear the Canadian Revenue Agency's (CRA) appeal in its case against uranium multinational Cameco Corporation. However, this only marked the end of Round 1, as the courts only ruled on 8 of 14 years under review.

Topics: Mining and Extractives Canadian Revenue Agency Profit Indicators tax controversy TNMM/CPM

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Tutorial: Reliability of Return on Assets as a Profit Indicator
March 09, 2021 by Ednaldo Silva

Notwithstanding its acceptance in Coca Cola Co. v. Commissioner of the IRS, Return on Assets is a controversial profit indicator to use in transfer pricing. At the very least it must be subject to economic analysis to corroborate a relationship between operating profit and operating assets.

Topics: Tutorial Return on Assets Profit Indicators tax controversy

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States Should Learn from Transfer Pricing History, but Focus on The Right Lessons
March 04, 2021 by Harold McClure

A recent article asserted that state tax authorities should use the Comparable Profits Method (CPM) with care in the evaluation of transfer pricing for tangible goods. However, some of the examples cited, including the recent Coca Cola case, in their piece are misplaced for reasons we will address.

Topics: State Transfer Pricing Tax Policy tax controversy TNMM/CPM

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Misapplication of the Resale Price Method: LATAM Petroleum Distributor
February 24, 2021 by Harold McClure

Selecting alleged comparable companies with different functions than the tested party is known to open Pandora's Box in transfer pricing controversy, and is often exacerbated by a failure to adjust for material differences between the tested party and the selected comparables.

Topics: Comparability Limited Risk Distributor Profit Indicators tax controversy

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